Socialist Radical
This is the website of Hasan Abdulla.  On this website, is a collection of political and other writings. (The business project "Abdul Publishing has had to be abandoned due to complications with business set ups)  
This website is for the purpose of promoting my non fiction articles, which cover the topics of current affairs, and related topics.  I have been  a writer for many years, and I have traveled widely.  I write with a view to promoting my own views which are mainly (Gramscian) Marxist. 

 
This website is a non profit making venture in which I aim to promote material that furthers the cause of workers rights.
Comments and feedback are welcome.  Please use contact form on this page.  Your input will be much appreciated.


The Writings of Hasan Abdulla - Socialist Radical

(For Health and Knowledge, for Justice and Equality)
Hasan Abdulla
A Portrait of myself which was taken locally in Reading, UK
With the spirit of William DuBois

Timelines-Notable Marxists

 

Antonio Gramsci

 

 

On 22 January 1891, Gramsci was born in Ales, near Cagliari, Italy

 

1911

He graduated from the Lyceum in Cagliari.

 

1913

He joins the Socialist Section of Turin

 

1915

On December 10, Gramsci joins editorial staff of “Avanti”

 

1917

He is elected secretary of the temporary executive committee of the Socialist section of Turin; becomes director of “Grido del Popolo” (The People’s Cry).

 

1918

The “Grido del Popolo” ceases publication.

 

1919

Gramsci founds “Ordine Nuovo” (New Order); 1st issue was on May 1st.

 

1920

Gramsci takes part in the factory occupation movement; December 24-“Ordino Nuovo” weekly last issue is printed.

 

1921

January 1st: The first issue of daily “Ordino Nuovo” appears.  January 21: Gramsci is elected as member of executive committee of Italian Communist Party (PCI).

 

1922

March: Gramsci is elected to represent the Italian Communist Party (PCI) in the Communist International.  He meets he wife to be, Julia Schucht. 

 

1923

The Italian police issue a warrant for his arrest.

 

1924

August: First issue of L’Unita (Unity) is published.  His son Delio is born in Moscow

 

1926

November 18th: Gramsci receives a five-year sentence of solitary confinement

 

1927

February 7th: He is sent to San Vittore Prison

 

1928

May 19th: Gramsci is tried by the Special Court; later he is imprisoned at Regina Coeli.  On May 28th, the trial against the PCI begins.  June 4th: Gramsci is sentenced to just over twenty years in prison.

 

 

1929

He begins to write “Prison Notebooks.”

 

1931

August: He is in a severe health crisis

 

1932

His sentence is reduced to twelve years and four months.

 

1933

March 7th: Gramsci suffer a second severe health crisis.  December 7th: He is admitted to Dr Consumano’s clinic

 

1934

October 25th: He is granted a conditional freedom

 

1935

August 2nd: After a third health crisis, he is admitted to the Quisisana clinic in Rome.

 

1937

His full freedom is restored.  After a brain haemorrhage, he dies on April 27.

Gramsci is buried at the Verono cemetery in Rome.

 

Gramsci held a solid belief in Socialism as an International Cause; and was unique in that he believed that “we are all intellectuals”, that is to say the Worker can be encouraged to be an Intellectual, and not just a scholar or, say, someone of middle class background. 

 

 

 

Rosa Luxemburg

 

Revolutionary Marxist of Jewish origin.  An Internationalist and adherent to Democracy.

 

March 5, 1871

 

Rosa Luxemburg was born in Zarnosc, in Poland (then in the Russian Empire).

 

1889

 

Luxemburg emigrated to Zurich, where she studied Law and Political Economy. 

 

1898

 

Rosa Luxemburg received her Doctorate; while in Zurich, she becomes involved in the International Socialist Movement; together with her colleagues she forms the Polish Communist Party.  She marries Gustav Lubeck.

 

1905

 

A Revolution occurred in Russia which was a central experience in her life; she was imprisoned in Warsaw due to her membership of the Communist struggle.

 

1907-1914

 

After being released from prison, she became a teacher in the Social Democratic Party School in Berlin, Germany.

 

 

 

 

1914-1918

 

During World War 1, she forms the Spartacus League; publishes a pamphlet in 1916, “The Crisis in German Social Democracy.”

 

Late December 1918

 

Together with Liebknecht, she forms the German Communist Party.

 

January 15, 1919

 

She is arrested and killed by German Paramilitaries.

 

Rosa Luxemburg, throughout her political career, adhered firmly to the belief that Socialism is International and was a firm believer in Democracy in contrast to Democratic Centralism.

 

 

Samora Machel

(Liberator of Mozambique)

 

Opening notes:

 

It should be pointed out to the reader that the events that occur in this timeline, refer to the 1970’s up to the end of the 20th Century.  As such there is no intention to make a slight against or hold on trial the Republic of Portugal mentioned here.

 

September 29th, 1933

 

Samora Machel was born in Chilembene, Mozambique, 200 miles north of the capital, Maputo.

 

As a child he received his education through mission schools

 

After Primary education, he joins the nursing profession in preference to a secondary education.

 

c. 1950’s

 

Machel’s parents were displaced from their land in favour of Portuguese settlers, after being forced to grow cotton.

 

 

 

c. 1960’s

 

His experience as a male nurse radicalized Machel. After ten years in the profession, he joins Frelimo (Mozambique Liberation Front).  During his early membership he is sent to Algeria by his movement for military training

 

1970

 

Samora Machel is appointed Leader of Frelimo, after having risen quickly through the ranks of the leadership; his close comrade Eduardo Mondlane is assassinated.

 

 

1975

 

Mozambique gains Independence; Samora Machel is appointed First President of the newly Independent Mozambique.

 

1975-1980’s

 

Samora Machel administration makes an alliance with Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe; the new Marxist administration of Machel nationalises vast sectors of the economy.

 

1984

 

President Machel signs the Nkomati accord with South Africa; a truce whereby each country agrees not to support the other country’s opposition movements.

 

1986

 

On a return flight from a visit to Zambia, Machel’s plane crashed in South Africa. The Minority Government in South Africa denies involvement in his death, despite evidence to the contrary.

 

1999

 

A memorial is built in South Africa by the ANC Government in honour of Samora Machel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An EU Exit

Is it really for the best?

 

 

 

After reading the arguments against exit from the European Union, it seems as though it is only through EU membership alone that Britain can prosper. There are the Conservative Party members, and other political figures who argue that an exit from the EU could lead to a deep recession, while the majority of the Trade Unions argue that an exit from the European Union could and will lead to job losses and the suffering of those who depend on exports to the EU.

 

First of all, the very idea that Britain could suffer a deep recession on exit from the EU, is not founded on solid grounds.  The 1930’s recession did not occur because Britain was not a member of the European Union. Rather, it was the steep fall in employment caused by a slump in demand for coal.  Indeed, the EU did not take shape until later into the 20th century.  In fact, the then Premier of France, De Gaulle opposed Britain’s attempts at membership.

 

The effect on employment in the event of an exit from the European Union seems a stronger argument. Yet (with all due respect) for most of our nation’s history we have always been trading with a wide range of countries, not least the United States.  Furthermore, there do happen to be countries outside the EU which are almost as prosperous as those in Europe.

 

What is of most pressing concern is the effect on jobseekers, and their livelihood.  A major change in the country’s circumstances regarding the economy is likely to be initially unsettling and disruptive. What is of most concern is that the pressure on such groups as jobseekers to maintain an acceptable standard of living may become intolerable for the initial few years after a possible EU exit.

 

Thus, any departure from the European Union needs careful planning and preparation.

 

 

© ‘An EU Exit-Is it really for the best’ by Hasan Abdulla, 06/2016

 

 

 

Obama Revisited

(A Personal Review of the Obama Presidency)

Hasan Abdulla

 

 

As President, Barack Obama has been unique in the sense that he has been the most powerful Afro-American while at the same time a disproportionate number of Afro-Americans were and continue to remain below the poverty line.  As such he had been placed in a somewhat difficult position. Had he tried to campaign for more equal rights for his own ethnic group he would have been accused of “racism in reverse”.  On the other hand, he could not afford to ignore the demands of better civil rights for African Americans.

 

Overall the legacy of the Obama Presidency remains positive and even more enlightened than that of his predecessors.  His efforts on the gun laws surely cannot be ignored, however limited they may have been.  What is most outstanding about his domestic policies is his achievement in pulling the United States out of a perilous and deep recession and towards an expansion of the U.S. economy.  Furthermore, his efforts to expand medical insurance to reach more people in the lower classes were also noteworthy.

 

However, his foreign policy over the Middle East was somewhat limited in scope.  President Obama was very slow in lending his full support to the Syrian opposition when they most needed him. 

 

Nevertheless, Obama did achieve a historical and constructive breakthrough in lifting sanctions against the Republic of Cuba. The crippling sanctions had been in force for an exceptionally long time.  Barack Obama also made some efforts to reduce tensions against the Islamic Republic of Iran. 

 

Given Obama’s current interest in legendary civil rights activists, especially Langston Hughes, I can only suggest that he take a more vigorous and active role in the campaign to lift African Americans out of poverty.  As a response to his experience in reforming medical insurance, perhaps he should lend his support to the Labour Unions.  The overall verdict on Barack Obama’s Presidency rests solely with the citizens of the United States.

The former President Obama in a confident mood

Nasser-A Remembrance

By H Abdul

 

 

Next month marks the sixtieth anniversary of the formation of the United Arab Republic, a brief period of unity among two Arab nations, Egypt and Syria.  It was a utopia built by Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt. Only a few people outside the Middle East are likely to remember this first Premier of the Republic of Egypt.

 

When in July 1952, Gamal Abdel Nasser staged a military coup that ended colonial rule over Egypt, he had freed Egypt from a long period of humiliation and a racist brutality that was based on the conviction that it’s people were unfit for self-governance.

 

Nasser, after assuming the Premiership, soon nationalised the Suez-canal to fulfil his project of building the Aswan High Dam, that began four years later in July 1956.  The Aswan dam was meant to enable Egypt to be fully self-reliant in electricity.

 

However, the nationalisation of the Suez Canal provoked the anger of not only Britain but also France and Israel, and during October to November 1956, the imperial powers launched an invasion which may have been triumphant had it not been for the lack of support and the opposition from the United States Eisenhower administration.

 

Such intervention to stop the invasion of the Canal led Nasser to increasingly rely on economic and military aid from the United States.  Nevertheless, the Americans were suspicious of the pro-communist stance of the Egyptian leader.  Nasser, on the other hand also had visions of Pan Arab unity led by his government.  This in effect meant self-reliance for the Arab nations of the Middle East, a vision not shared by Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

 

Eventually Nasser’s vision crystallised into a reality when Egypt and Syria formed the union called the United Arab Republic.  This alliance between Egypt and Syria was however, short-lived.  At the same time the United States increasingly observed Nasser’s growing dependence on the Soviet Union and China.  For his part, Gamal Abdel Nasser was unable to fully comprehend the covert nature of Eisenhower’s foreign policy.

 

By June 1967, Israel declared war with Egypt and invaded the Sinai desert as far south as the Suez Canal.  This included night-time air raids on Cairo.  Backed by a formidable arsenal of weapons, Israel overwhelmed Egypt’s military forces.  Within a short period, Nasser was forced to accept defeat.

 

Disillusioned and weakened, Gamal Abdel Nasser died of heart failure in September 1970. Seen as a dictator by some critics, Nasser during his lifetime nevertheless attracted more loyalty and more adulation from his citizens than any other Egyptian leader.  At his death he was mourned in greater numbers than any other leader in Egypt.

 

The United Arab Republic was a very temporary show of solidarity. Now it seems a distant dream. At present the Middle East is plagued with violence and sectarian divisions.  However, The United Arab Republic was nonetheless a noteworthy showcase for the potential of the Arabs to unite as one people.

 

 

Acknowledgements:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13315719

Mansfield, Peter, (1973), Nasser and Nasserism,  http://www.jstor.org/stable/40201172